The Lores Okiya and Hanayagi Gakko

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Family Titles

Japanese use different words to indicate whether they are talking about a member of their own family or someone else's. The words used for another person's family are more polite, and can refer to the person being addressed or to some other person to show respect. In the following list, where two words are shown for "my family," the first word may also be used to refer to fathers, mothers, etc., in general. Also, in the words ending in "san," you may replace that suffix with "sama," in order to show more respect to the person.

 

My Family

In English

Your Family

haha, okasan

chichi, otosan

ani, oniisan

ane, onesan

ototo

imoto

musuko

musume

kazoku

kodomo, ko

oya, ryoshin

oji, ojisan

oba, obasan

sofu, ojiisan

sobo, obaasan

tsuma, kanai*

shujin*

mother

father

older brother

older sister

younger brother

younger sister

son

daughter

family

child

parents

uncle

aunt

grandfather

grandmother

wife

husband

okasan

otosan

oniisan

onesan

ototo-san

imoto-san

musuko-san

musume-san, ojo-san

go-kazoku

o-ko-san

go-ryoshin

ojisan

obasan

ojiisan

obaasan

okusan, okusama

go-shujin



* A Japanese wife often calls her husband "anata," which literally means "you," but is used in this case to mean something like "dear" or "darling." Likewise, the husband may refer to his wife as "omae" or "kimi," both of which are also translated "you." These terms are used in place of the person's name.

                                                                                    

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